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Cities are where the jobs are

Infographic | 29-05-2016
Cities are where the jobs are

Cities play an important role as meeting places in knowledge-based economies such as that of the Netherlands. Personal encounters, whether planned or accidental, provide opportunities for the exchange of ideas and for learning from one another. The density of cities makes people more productive and enables the provision of higher quality and more varied services and amenities. Companies primarily locate in cities to be in close proximity to their customers and specialised suppliers, and because of the large and well-educated labour market and the many opportunities for cooperation. Business clusters create new job markets and opportunities for suppliers, which may create additional agglomeration benefits. In short, cities are where the jobs are.

However, there are significant differences between cities. Amsterdam and Utrecht had the strongest job growth over the 1980–2012 period, whereas in Rotterdam and The Hague growth was more modest. In 1980, most jobs were in the Rotterdam region. Now, most are in Amsterdam and Utrecht.

Source data

The map on job density is based on data provided by LISA. The classifications of ‘Cities’, ‘Commuting zone’ and ‘Rural area’ are based on the definition by the OECD (2012). The graphic on job growth for the four largest urban regions in the Netherlands is based on data from the European Regional Database provided by Cambridge Econometrics (version April 2015).

Use of infographics

Unless stated otherwise, the Creative Commons (BY) licence applies to this infographic. For more information on this licence or the use of this infographic, please contact our graphics department (beeldredactie@pbl.nl).