Logo of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
To the main menuTo the main content

Towards resource-smart food systems: using partnerships to link production areas to urbanising regions

Infographic | 05-07-2017

In urbanised regions, food systems have grown more complex, due to the growing distance between primary producers and consumers. Crucial natural resources, such as soils and ecosystems are often not managed sustainably or efficiently enough to be able to produce sufficient amounts of food. Furthermore, a significant part of the production is lost, due to inadequacies in storage, processing and transport to cities. Farmers, who manage most of the food production and distribution systems are often aware of the challenges, but not in a position to introduce improvements. Typically, the main causes for this are a lack of access to good quality inputs (such as seeds, fertilisers and water), a lack of access to urban markets, and low and unstable food prices. Therefore, a shift towards resource-smart food systems is necessary. These are food systems, which do not compromise the environmental basis and deliver food security, support livelihoods and ensure human health for future generations. In resource-smart food systems, natural resources are managed sustainably and efficiently. The produced food is used efficiently with low levels of food losses and food waste. These food systems also make a positive contribution to human health, for instance, by discouraging the consumption of ultra-processed foods.

To promote resource-smart food systems, coalitions and partnerships can be created to bring the required capacities together. Businesses such as retailers and food companies should invest in local and regional supply chains around large cities. This involves supplying inputs to farmers, setting fair prices, and creating adequate storage and processing facilities. Governments should create a proper enabling environment for farmers with attention for good rural infrastructure, knowledge transfer and education, and the creation of a fair and accessible legal system, which enforces land tenure rights. NGOs should stimulate beneficial developments by having a positive-critical role towards both governments and private actors, defining local standards for sustainable production and creating new coalitions, for instance through the establishment of multi‑stakeholder platforms .

Source data

UNEP. (2016). Food Systems and Natural Resources. A Report of the Working Group on Food Systems of the International Resource Panel. Westhoek H, Ingram J, Van Berkum S, Özay L and Hajer M. UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya

Related publications

Use of infographics

Unless stated otherwise, the Creative Commons (BY) licence applies to this infographic. For more information on this licence or the use of this infographic, please contact our graphics department (beeldredactie@pbl.nl).