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Publications

251 results
  1. Linking water security threats to conflict

    In the past decades, the relationship between water issues and conflict risks received much attention, both in the literature and the media. However, reports and publications warning about these...

  2. Towards a safe operating space for the Netherlands

    This policy brief discusses normative choices in setting national policy targets that are in line with SDG ambitions related to global environmental challenges. Based on scientific insights into...

  3. New Dynamics in Global Environmental Governance

    In the face of urgency of addressing global sustainability challenges and limited political will and capacity at national and international governmental levels to take effective action, new agents...

  4. Reducing external costs of nitrogen pollution by relocation of pig production between regions in the European Union

    Relocation of pig production between provinces (224 NUTS2 regions) within the EU27 can reduce the total external costs of nitrogen pollution by about 10% (14 billion €). Eligible regions for...

  5. The Emerging Governance Landscape around Zero Deforestation Pledges. Insights into dynamics and effects of zero deforestation pledges.

    Voluntary commitments to eliminate or reduce deforestation are developing into a powerful framing of global activities to combat deforestation and forest degradation. With the demand for...

  6. Developments in monitoring climate change adaptation in urban areas. Quick scan of experiences outside the Netherlands.

    In support of the Dutch Delta Programme on Spatial Adaptation, PBL has conducted a quick scan of developments outside the Netherlands in methods to monitor the impact (output and outcome) of...

  7. Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded anthropogenic mercury emissions

    The Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) provides a time-series of man-made emissions of greenhouse gases and short-lived atmospheric pollutants from 1970 to 2008. With an...

  8. Relative price increase for nature and ecosystem services

    In 2015, the Dutch working group on discount rates recommended using the standard discount rate in cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) of nature, while taking into account annual relative price increases...

  9. Perspectives on the Future of Nature in Europe: Visualisation

    During the development of the perspectives on European nature, for the Nature Outlook project, several visualisation techniques were combined:  photographs, icons, thematic maps, artist impressions...

  10. Innovating Spatial Planning in China: Dutch planning experience in view of China's challenges and opportunities

    This study was carried out in the context of international cooperation in the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED). The CCICED is an advisory board...