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Publications

362 results
  1. Exploring SSP land-use dynamics using the IMAGE model: Regional and gridded scenarios of land-use change and land-based climate change mitigation

    Projected increases in population, income and consumption rates are expected to lead to rising pressure on the land system. Ambitions to limit global warming to 2 °C or even 1.5 °C could also lead...

  2. Perspectives on the Future of Nature in Europe: Visualisation

    During the development of the perspectives on European nature, for the Nature Outlook project, several visualisation techniques were combined:  photographs, icons, thematic maps, artist impressions...

  3. Innovating Spatial Planning in China: Dutch planning experience in view of China's challenges and opportunities

    This study was carried out in the context of international cooperation in the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED). The CCICED is an advisory board...

  4. Contrasting changes in bird abundance and diversity (1971-2010)

    A large variety of measures and indicators is available to capture aspects of biodiversity change. Which are the most informative?

  5. Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries: 2017 update

    This new report by NewClimate Institute, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provides an overview of projected...

  6. Limiting global temperature change to 1.5 °C

    There are several important factors that influence the size of the carbon budgets that are consistent with the ambition of the Paris Climate Agreement ‘to limit global temperature increase to well...

  7. Food in a green light – A systems approach to sustainable food

    Making Europe’s production, consumption and trade in food environmentally sustainable is possible, but requires a major shift in public attitudes, policies and knowledge, as well as seizing current...

  8. Multi-regional trade data on Europe in 2010

    PBL developed an update of the available regional trade data on Europe. This report sets out how these regional trade data were developed by PBL for the year 2010. The data on the bilateral trade...

  9. Early action on Paris Agreement allows for more time to change energy systems

    The IMAGE integrated assessment model was used to develop a set of scenarios to evaluate the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted by Parties under the Paris Agreement. The scenarios...

  10. The role of decentralized systems in providing universal electricity access in Sub-Saharan Africa – A model-based approach

    Poverty and lack of access to electricity are highly correlated. In Sub-Saharan Africa, one of the poorest regions in the world, two in every three people have no access to electricity. This paper...