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Publications

368 results
  1. Spatiotemporal dynamics of soil phosphorus and crop uptake in global cropland during the 20th century

    Phosphorus (P) plays a vital role in global crop production and food security. In this study, we investigate the changes in soil P pool inventories calibrated from historical countrywide crop P...

  2. Low-emission pathways in 11 major economies: comparison of cost-optimal pathways and Paris climate proposals

    In order to evaluate the effectiveness of climate policy, it is important to understand emission trends and policies at the national level. The 2015 Paris Agreement includes (Intended) Nationally...

  3. Methods for calculating transport emissions in the Netherlands 2017

    This report describes the methodologies, emission factors and relevant activity data used to calculate the emissions of environmental pollutants from mobile sources in the Netherlands. The...

  4. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: storylines and visualisations

    The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to decline further, making it difficult to achieve the 2050 policy vision. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future...

  5. Assessment of US city reduction commitments, from a country perspective

    In the United States, 14 of the 25 largest cities have committed themselves to achieving greenhouse gas reduction targets. This study shows that, as a group, the 25 largest US cities are more...

  6. Key role of forests in meeting climate targets and science needed for credible mitigation

    Forests play a key role in meeting the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. They cover around 25% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions planned by countries by 2030 in...

  7. Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

    An important question is how to measure the progress of the transition towards a circular economy (CE transition). Together PBL and Utrecht University have developed a framework about the role of...

  8. Nature Outlook 2010-2040 - Summary and findings

    Every four years, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) publishes a Nature Outlook under statutory obligation. This year, the Nature Outlook is published at a time of important...

  9. Comparing projections of industrial energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions in long-term energy models

    The industry sector is a major energy consumer and greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter. Effective climate change mitigation strategies will require a significant reduction of industrial emissions. To...

  10. Assessing the INDCs’ land use, land use change, and forest emission projections

    In preparation for the 2015 international climate negotiations in Paris, Parties submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate...