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Publications

371 results
  1. Nature Outlook 2010-2040 - Summary and findings

    Every four years, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) publishes a Nature Outlook under statutory obligation. This year, the Nature Outlook is published at a time of important...

  2. Comparing projections of industrial energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions in long-term energy models

    The industry sector is a major energy consumer and greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter. Effective climate change mitigation strategies will require a significant reduction of industrial emissions. To...

  3. Assessing the INDCs’ land use, land use change, and forest emission projections

    In preparation for the 2015 international climate negotiations in Paris, Parties submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate...

  4. The impact of taxes and subsidies on crop yields. Agricultural price distortions in Africa.

    Agricultural taxes and subsidies are known to affect farmer’s production decisions in Africa, but their precise impact on crop yields and agricultural intensification across the continent is less...

  5. Self-organisation in Oosterwold, Almere: challenges with public goods and externalities

    Attention to self-organisation and spontaneous order in urban development is growing both in academia and in planning practice. One of the current academic discussions centres around the...

  6. BioScore 2.0, a species-by-species model to assess anthropogenic impacts on terrestrial biodiversity in Europe

    The BioScore 2.0 model analyses impacts of human-induced pressures on European terrestrial biodiversity. The model can be used for scenario analysis and the assessment of policy options. This...

  7. Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands 1990-2010: National Inventory Report 2012

    In 2010, total greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands increased by approximately 6%, compared to the 2009 emission level. This increase mainly resulted from increased fuel combustion...

  8. African food supply in perspective

    The picture of Africa’s increasing dependence on imports and large-scale agricultural expansion to keep up its food supply needs nuancing. Domestic production increase was the dominant factor for...

  9. Evolution of anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of air pollutants at global and regional scales during the 1980–2010 period

    Several different inventories of global and regional anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions are assessed for the 1980–2010 period. The species considered in this study are carbon monoxide,...

  10. Subsiding soils, rising costs

    The PBL study Subsiding soils, rising costs provides a clear-cut overview of the impact of peatland subsidence and possible measures for both rural and urban areas. A directed policy adopted...