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Publications

197 results
  1. Perspectives on the Future of Nature in Europe: Visualisation

    During the development of the perspectives on European nature, for the Nature Outlook project, several visualisation techniques were combined:  photographs, icons, thematic maps, artist impressions...

  2. Innovating Spatial Planning in China: Dutch planning experience in view of China's challenges and opportunities

    This study was carried out in the context of international cooperation in the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED). The CCICED is an advisory board...

  3. Building Bridges from the Present to Desired Futures - Evaluating Approaches for Visioning and Backcasting

    Backcasting explores how to reach ambitious societal goals--- identifying strategic choices and windows of opportunity.  After early applications in the 1980s, this approach to scenario analysis is...

  4. Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands, 1990–2011: National Inventory Report 2013

    Total greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands decreased in 2011 by 7%, compared to the emission level in 2010. This decrease was mainly the result of a drop in fuel combustion in the energy...

  5. Emissions of transboundary air pollutants in the Netherlands, 1990–2011: Netherlands Informative Inventory Report 2013

    Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) in the Netherlands decreased in 2011, for the first time to a level below the cap set by the European Union for 2010. Hereby, the Netherlands complies with...

  6. The global carbon budget 1959 - 2011

    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global...

  7. Limiting global temperature change to 1.5 °C

    There are several important factors that influence the size of the carbon budgets that are consistent with the ambition of the Paris Climate Agreement ‘to limit global temperature increase to well...

  8. The Netherlands in 2040: A country of regions - Spatial Outlook 2011

    For many years spatial and transport planning has been a process of guiding and directing growth. Population, housing stock, jobs and kilometres travelled more or less continuously increased for...

  9. Regional population and household projections, 2011–2040: Marked regional differences

    The regional population and household projections for 2011 to 2040 presents future developments in the population and number of households per municipality in the Netherlands. This article...

  10. Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries: 2017 update

    This new report by NewClimate Institute, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provides an overview of projected...