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Publications

200 results
  1. The Emerging Governance Landscape around Zero Deforestation Pledges. Insights into dynamics and effects of zero deforestation pledges.

    Voluntary commitments to eliminate or reduce deforestation are developing into a powerful framing of global activities to combat deforestation and forest degradation. With the demand for...

  2. Developments in monitoring climate change adaptation in urban areas. Quick scan of experiences outside the Netherlands.

    In support of the Dutch Delta Programme on Spatial Adaptation, PBL has conducted a quick scan of developments outside the Netherlands in methods to monitor the impact (output and outcome) of...

  3. Relative price increase for nature and ecosystem services

    In 2015, the Dutch working group on discount rates recommended using the standard discount rate in cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) of nature, while taking into account annual relative price increases...

  4. Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands, 1990–2011: National Inventory Report 2013

    Total greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands decreased in 2011 by 7%, compared to the emission level in 2010. This decrease was mainly the result of a drop in fuel combustion in the energy...

  5. Building Bridges from the Present to Desired Futures - Evaluating Approaches for Visioning and Backcasting

    Backcasting explores how to reach ambitious societal goals--- identifying strategic choices and windows of opportunity.  After early applications in the 1980s, this approach to scenario analysis is...

  6. Emissions of transboundary air pollutants in the Netherlands, 1990–2011: Netherlands Informative Inventory Report 2013

    Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) in the Netherlands decreased in 2011, for the first time to a level below the cap set by the European Union for 2010. Hereby, the Netherlands complies with...

  7. The global carbon budget 1959 - 2011

    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global...

  8. The Netherlands in 2040: A country of regions - Spatial Outlook 2011

    For many years spatial and transport planning has been a process of guiding and directing growth. Population, housing stock, jobs and kilometres travelled more or less continuously increased for...

  9. Regional population and household projections, 2011–2040: Marked regional differences

    The regional population and household projections for 2011 to 2040 presents future developments in the population and number of households per municipality in the Netherlands. This article...

  10. Perspectives on the Future of Nature in Europe: Visualisation

    During the development of the perspectives on European nature, for the Nature Outlook project, several visualisation techniques were combined:  photographs, icons, thematic maps, artist impressions...