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Publications

265 results
  1. Food in a green light – A systems approach to sustainable food

    Making Europe’s production, consumption and trade in food environmentally sustainable is possible, but requires a major shift in public attitudes, policies and knowledge, as well as seizing current...

  2. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: impacts and combinations

    Halting biodiversity loss in the EU requires substantial policy action. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future of nature, in search for new policy approaches. This...

  3. People and the Earth

    With the adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the world committed to an economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable world. The corresponding objectives, laid down...

  4. Policy coherence in the water-land-energy-food-climate nexus

    More synergies than conflicts exist between European policy objectives for water, land, energy, food and climate. There are numerous positively interacting policy objectives, providing...

  5. Monitoring progress of the circular economy in the EU

    The European Commission’s draft monitoring framework for a circular economy, which is currently under review, may benefit from broadening it to include indicators that measure both the progress of...

  6. Methods for calculating transport emissions in the Netherlands 2017

    This report describes the methodologies, emission factors and relevant activity data used to calculate the emissions of environmental pollutants from mobile sources in the Netherlands. The...

  7. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: storylines and visualisations

    The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to decline further, making it difficult to achieve the 2050 policy vision. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future...

  8. Assessment of US city reduction commitments, from a country perspective

    In the United States, 14 of the 25 largest cities have committed themselves to achieving greenhouse gas reduction targets. This study shows that, as a group, the 25 largest US cities are more...

  9. Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

    An important question is how to measure the progress of the transition towards a circular economy (CE transition). Together PBL and Utrecht University have developed a framework about the role of...

  10. Self-organisation in Oosterwold, Almere: challenges with public goods and externalities

    Attention to self-organisation and spontaneous order in urban development is growing both in academia and in planning practice. One of the current academic discussions centres around the...