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Publications

27 results
  1. Global CO2 emissions: annual increase halves in 2008

    The very high oil prices until the summer of 2008 together with a worldwide financial crisis that started to affect activities in society worldwide, in particular in the second half of 2008, have...

  2. Trends in global CO2 emissions: 2013 report

    Actual global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) reached a new record of 34.5 billion tonnes in 2012. Yet, the increase in global CO 2 emissions in that year slowed down to 1.1% (or 1.4%, not...

  3. Global CO2 emissions: increase continued in 2007

    In 2007, global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from fossil fuel use and cement production increased by 3.1%, which is less than the 3.5% increase in 2006. The emissions from China, with an...

  4. Climate effects of wood used for bioenergy

    Using logged trees as a bioenergy source – replacing fossil fuel – carries the risk of first increasing CO 2 emissions before reducing them. It could in fact take up to 100 years before...

  5. Cost of greenhouse gas mitigation - comparison between TIMER and WorldScan

    PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency uses the TIMER and Worldscan models to assess the costs and effects of global climate change policies. Both models have their strengths and...

  6. Green Gains: In search of opportunities for the Dutch economy

    If the Netherlands is to remain a strong player in the global economy, it needs to intensify its efforts in greening its economy. The Netherlands lags behind competing neighbouring countries, who...

  7. Changing track, changing tack; Dutch ideas for a robust environmental policy for the 21st century

    The positive effects of environmental policy in the past do not guarantee adequate results for the future. Present and future environmental challenges require new approaches, primarily because the...

  8. Greenhouse gas emission reduction proposals and national climate policies of major economies

    Since the climate negotiations that took place in Copenhagen, in 2009, many countries have submitted quantitative economy-wide greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, proposals, and actions for...

  9. EU policy options for climate and energy beyond 2020

    The EU has set itself the ambition of an 80% reduction of greenhouse gases by 2050. Such a drastic reduction requires a much more vigorous renewal of the energy system. Setting a target for...

  10. Air Pollution Policy in Europe: Quantifying the Interaction with Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change Policies

    An analysis of several variants of EU’s air pollution policies for the year 2020 shows that that carbon prices will fall, but not more than 33%, although they could drop to zero when the EU agrees...