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Publications

1806 results
  1. The Emerging Governance Landscape around Zero Deforestation Pledges. Insights into dynamics and effects of zero deforestation pledges.

    Voluntary commitments to eliminate or reduce deforestation are developing into a powerful framing of global activities to combat deforestation and forest degradation. With the demand for...

  2. Developments in monitoring climate change adaptation in urban areas. Quick scan of experiences outside the Netherlands.

    In support of the Dutch Delta Programme on Spatial Adaptation, PBL has conducted a quick scan of developments outside the Netherlands in methods to monitor the impact (output and outcome) of...

  3. The geography of future water challenges

    This publication shows that, without improved water management or adaptation to climate change, the global sustainability goals cannot be achieved. The report highlights the urgent need for an...

  4. Alternative pathways to the 1.5 °C target reduce the need for negative emission technologies

    Mitigation scenarios that achieve the ambitious targets included in the Paris Agreement typically rely on greenhouse gas emission reductions combined with net carbon dioxide removal (CDR) from the...

  5. Vehicle emissions and impacts of taxes and incentives in the evolution of past emissions

    The analysis presented in this report was framed around two key objectives. The first was to create an inventory of the different vehicle taxation and incentive schemes in place across Europe. The...

  6. Natural capital accounting for the sustainable development goals

    The World Bank WAVES programme supports several countries with the development of natural capital accounts (NCAs). NCAs link natural capital to a country’s system of national accounts and can also...

  7. Future agricultural phosphorus demand according to the shared socioeconomic pathways

    The five Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP) show similar global crop P uptake and P inputs, despite differences in population and incomes. In the sustainability scenario SSP1, the increase in P...

  8. Simple Planning Rules for Complex Urban Problems: Toward Legal Certainty for Spatial Flexibility

    In the course of the nineteenth century, many countries attempted to simplify their regulatory systems; since then, however, the entire legal apparatus has become ever more complex, being based on...

  9. Uncertain Environmental Footprint of Current and Future Battery Electric Vehicles

    The future environmental impacts of battery electric vehicles (EVs) are very important given their expected dominance in future transport systems. Previous studies have shown these impacts to be...

  10. Assessing future reactive nitrogen inputs into global croplands based on the shared socioeconomic pathways

    Only under the most optimistic sustainability scenario, the global synthetic fertilizer use in croplands stabilizes or even shrinks in the coming decades. In the most pessimistic fragmentation...