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Publications

1735 results
  1. Pathways for balancing CO2 emissions and sinks

    In December 2015 in Paris, leaders committed to achieve global, net decarbonization of human activities before 2100. This achievement would halt and even reverse anthropogenic climate change...

  2. Quantifying biodiversity footprints of Dutch economic sectors: A global supply-chain analysis

    Economic sectors contribute to biodiversity loss through environmental pressures, such as land use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, both directly via their production processes and indirectly...

  3. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: storylines and visualisations

    The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to decline further, making it difficult to achieve the 2050 policy vision. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future...

  4. The application of natural capital accounting in Dutch energy and water policies

    Information from environmental accounts is highly relevant to improve policy-making. PBL, VU Amsterdam and Statistics Netherlands evaluated the role of these accounts in the Dutch implementation of...

  5. Assessing the ambition of post-2020 climate targets: a comprehensive framework

    One of the most fundamental questions surrounding the new Paris Agreement is whether countries’ proposals to reduce GHG emissions after 2020 are equally ambitious, considering differences in...

  6. Transport fuel demand responses to fuel price and income projections: Comparison of integrated assessment models

    Income and fuel price pathways are key determinants in projections of the energy system in integrated assessment models. In recent years, more details have been added to the transport sector...

  7. Food for a circular economy

    The circular economy is high on national and international agendas. A circular economy is targeted at an optimum use and reuse of natural resources, raw materials and products.

  8. Are Dutch residents ready for a more stringent policy to enhance the energy performance of their homes?

    Investments in the energy performance of houses offer good prospects for reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions. However, people are not easily convinced of the need to take measures to...

  9. Handbook of Regions and Competitiveness: Contemporary Theories and Perspectives on Economic Development

    On 27 February,  the European Commission released an update of the European Competitiveness Index. In this index, the Dutch region of Utrecht dropped from being the first to being the second most...

  10. Nature in Modern Society

    The relationship between nature and people is changing, which raises the question of how policies could respond. This book includes five essays, by internationally renowned philosophers,...