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Publications

1735 results
  1. European nature in the plural

    The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to further decline, making it difficult to reach the 2050 policy vision. This study elaborates four ‘perspectives’ on the future of nature in...

  2. Assessment of US city reduction commitments, from a country perspective

    In the United States, 14 of the 25 largest cities have committed themselves to achieving greenhouse gas reduction targets. This study shows that, as a group, the 25 largest US cities are more...

  3. Navigating the authority paradox: Practising objectivity in environmental expertise

    We empirically reveal how environmental experts interpret the objectivity norm while navigating the authority paradox. The paradox here is that while there is a need for objective scientific advice...

  4. Compiling biodiversity accounts with the GLOBIO model

    Although ecosystems and biodiversity are highly important to mankind, their value is not yet included in national accounts. In the present study we evaluated the applicability of the GLOBIO...

  5. How deep is your love – Of nature? A psychological and spatial analysis of the depth of feelings towards Dutch nature areas

    The most binding nature protection policy in the Netherlands and EU primarily designates areas based on ecological value, ensuring their sustained protection. Of less concern to these policies are...

  6. Global and regional abatement costs of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and of enhanced action to levels well below 2 °C and 1.5 °C

    As part of the Paris climate agreement, countries have submitted (Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which includes greenhouse gas reduction proposals beyond 2020. In this paper...

  7. Key role of forests in meeting climate targets and science needed for credible mitigation

    Forests play a key role in meeting the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. They cover around 25% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions planned by countries by 2030 in...

  8. Science-based greenhouse gas emission targets for agriculture and forestry

    To limit global warming to well below 2 °C, as agreed in the Paris Climate Agreement, climate actions by the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land-Use (AFOLU) sector are crucial. The greenhouse gas...

  9. Quantifying Biodiversity Losses Due to Human Consumption: A Global-Scale Footprint Analysis

    It is increasingly recognized that human consumption leads to considerable losses of biodiversity. This study  systematically quantifies these losses in relation to land use and greenhouse gas (GHG...

  10. Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

    An important question is how to measure the progress of the transition towards a circular economy (CE transition). Together PBL and Utrecht University have developed a framework about the role of...