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Energy and Climate Change

Facts and figures about Energy and Climate Change

In the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP2), middle-of-the-road, scenario, 500 million people are projected to not have access to electricity in 2030, 90% of whom live in rural areas. The preferred electrification system for connecting those people depends highly on their level of electricity consumption.

Reductions in addition to the NDC target, for the 200 largest US cities

The NDC target for 2025 represents an average reduction of 27%, relative to 2005 levels (incl. Land use, land-use change and forestry, LULUCF CO2). It is assumed that this target also applies to total greenhouse gas emissions, excluding LULUCF CO2. The 2030 target is based on extrapolation from 2025 and the long-term 2050 target of 80% reduction, relative to 2005 levels.

The degree of involvement of EU Member States in 14 selected initiatives on the Non-state Actor Zone for Climate Action portal (NAZCA) varies. Compared to governments from the rest of the world, those from the EU are well-represented, either as individual Member States or via the involvement of the European Commission. EU participation is strongest by north-western countries and Italy. As the map shows, around half of all EU Member States participate in one or more of the selected initiatives.