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Energy and Climate Change

Infographics about Energy and Climate Change

In 2016, total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions continued to increase slowly by about 0.5% (±1%), to about 49.3 gigatonnes in CO2 equivalent (Gt CO2 eq).

Taking into account that 2016 was a leap year, and therefore 0.3% longer, and together with the 0.2%...

In the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP2), middle-of-the-road, scenario, 500 million people are projected to not have access to electricity in 2030, 90% of whom live in rural areas. The preferred electrification system for connecting those people depends highly on their level of electricity...

Reductions in addition to the NDC target, for the 200 largest US cities

The NDC target for 2025 represents an average reduction of 27%, relative to 2005 levels (incl. Land use, land-use change and forestry, LULUCF CO2). It is assumed that this target also applies to total...

The degree of involvement of EU Member States in 14 selected initiatives on the Non-state Actor Zone for Climate Action portal (NAZCA) varies. Compared to governments from the rest of the world, those from the EU are well-represented, either as individual Member States or via the involvement of...

Most EU cities on the Non-state Actor Zone for Climate Action (NAZCA) platform are from Italy and Spain. However, it is important to differentiate between metropolitan cities and small towns, and participation of Italian and Spanish cities mainly concerns the latter. When we look at population...

There are several leverage points in the system to respond to climate change:

  • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation).
  • Removing CO2 from the atmosphere (often called carbon-dioxide removal, CDR);
  • Limiting climate change by breaking the link...

CO2 emissions scenarios assuming no new climate policies (grey) and scenarios consistent with the 2o C target, with net negative emissions (green) and without net negative emissions (blue).

International climate initiatives operating outside the global climate negotiations could deliver greenhouse gas emission reductions of 2.5 GtCO2-equivalents by 2020 and 5.5 GtCO2 eq by 2030, compared to a scenario without climate policy. This is roughly the same amount as...

Simplified presentation of how the world can stay within the carbon budget of 1,000 billion tonnes of CO2, which makes it likely (66% chance) that warming will be limited to 2 °C.

  • Middle panel: A future with fast and substantial emission reductions, with less dependence...