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Publicaties

893 resultaten
  1. Contrasting changes in bird abundance and diversity (1971-2010)

    A large variety of measures and indicators is available to capture aspects of biodiversity change. Which are the most informative?

  2. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: storylines and visualisations

    The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to decline further, making it difficult to achieve the 2050 policy vision. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future...

  3. Nationale kosten energietransitie in 2030

    Als Nederland een adequate bijdrage wil leveren aan het Klimaatakkoord van Parijs, is 80 tot 95% CO2-reductie in 2050 nodig. Daarbij past een reductie van 43 tot 49% in 2030. Als beoogd wordt om de...

  4. Assessment of US city reduction commitments, from a country perspective

    In the United States, 14 of the 25 largest cities have committed themselves to achieving greenhouse gas reduction targets. This study shows that, as a group, the 25 largest US cities are more...

  5. Key role of forests in meeting climate targets and science needed for credible mitigation

    Forests play a key role in meeting the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. They cover around 25% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions planned by countries by 2030 in...

  6. Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

    An important question is how to measure the progress of the transition towards a circular economy (CE transition). Together PBL and Utrecht University have developed a framework about the role of...

  7. Comparing projections of industrial energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions in long-term energy models

    The industry sector is a major energy consumer and greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter. Effective climate change mitigation strategies will require a significant reduction of industrial emissions. To...

  8. Multi-regionale handelsdata voor Europa in 2010

    Op verzoek van Europa heeft het PBL een update gemaakt van een bestaande database met regionale handelsgegevens. Het recente Europese regionaal beleid legt de nadruk op place based development en...

  9. Multi-regional trade data on Europe in 2010

    PBL developed an update of the available regional trade data on Europe. This report sets out how these regional trade data were developed by PBL for the year 2010. The data on the bilateral trade...

  10. Self-organisation in Oosterwold, Almere: challenges with public goods and externalities

    Attention to self-organisation and spontaneous order in urban development is growing both in academia and in planning practice. One of the current academic discussions centres around the...