Logo of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
To the main menuTo the main content

Achieving Sustainable Development Goals through Inclusive Green Growth

Infographic | 06-07-2017

Sustainable development implies that growth is both inclusive and green. Economic growth is essential for the alleviation of poverty. Climate change, ecosystem degradation, resource depletion and biodiversity loss illustrate that current economic growth is not green. Nor is it always inclusive; persistent poverty and inequality in countries with fast growing economies are the very example that economic growth alone is not enough. The poor tend to benefit the least from economic growth, due to unequal access to assets, opportunities and decision-making processes. Distributing the benefits of economic growth thus often requires institutional change.

Stimulating Inclusive Green Growth requires that the market and governance failures underlying current non-inclusive and non-green growth pathways are adequately addressed. This implies attention for the factors causing the poorest to be excluded from economic development, and those causing the degradation and depletion of natural capital, including unregulated use of the commons, under appreciation of the value of ecosystems and ignorance of the future benefits of natural capital use.

There is a growing body of evidence of interventions that work. Often, such interventions focus either on better representation and inclusiveness, or on improved efficiency of resource use and conservation. Attention for both, including the possible trade-offs that may arise between growth, green growth and inclusive growth objectives, is required for attaining the Sustainable Development Goals.


Source data

Berkhout E, Bouma J, Terzidis N and Voors M. (forthcoming), Supporting Local Institutions for Inclusive Green Growth: Developing an Evidence Gap Map, forthcoming in special issue of NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.

Bouma J and Berkhout E. (2015a). Inclusive Green Growth. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague.

Lucas P, Ludwig K, Kok M and Kruitwagen S. (2016). Sustainable Development Goals in the Netherlands – Building Blocks for Environmental Policy for 2030. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague.

Use of infographics

Unless stated otherwise, the Creative Commons (BY) licence applies to this infographic. For more information on this licence or the use of this infographic, please contact our graphics department (beeldredactie@pbl.nl).