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Growth and decline in metropolitan areas

Infographic | 29-05-2016
Growth and decline in metropolitan areas

Changes in the size of the population in cities are the result of natural processes (births and deaths) and migration. In most European metropolitan areas, the population is growing. Cities in Europe are also becoming more culturally and ethnically diverse, as a result of the free movement of citizens within the European Union and the influx of migrants and asylum seekers from non-EU countries. Most EU cities saw an increase in the share of non-national inhabitants in recent decades.

In the 2000–2010 period, the strongest population growth took place in London, Madrid and Paris. But also Dublin, Toulouse, Oslo and metropolitan areas in Spain gained in population. However, not all metropolitan areas have been growing. In the same period, population numbers in Athens, Tallinn, Genova and a number of cities in Poland and Germany declined.

Source data

This map and the circle chart are based on data provided by the OECD Metropolitan Explorer (version January 2014). The Metropolitan Explorer offers an interactive visualisation of the 275 metropolitan areas in 29 OECD countries. For this study the 114 metropolitan areas in European countries have been selected. The OECD Metropolitan Explorer database contains comparable values of population, GDP, employment, quality of air and many other indicators. More information about the OECD Metropolitan Explorer can be found here: http://measuringurban.oecd.org/#

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