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Less growth and more decline

Infographic | 29-05-2016
Less growth and more decline

Over the past 15 years, most Dutch municipalities experienced population growth. This mainly occurred in the suburbs and new towns, such as Almere and Houten, but large cities, such as Amsterdam, Utrecht and The Hague, also had substantial increases in population. Rotterdam, the second largest city in the Netherlands, experienced much lower growth. There are also municipalities where growth has been negative. In about 10% of Dutch municipalities, the number of inhabitants actually decreased by over 2.5%, since 1997. Municipalities with the largest population decline are situated on the national periphery.

Population decline is expected to become more prevalent in the future. Over the next 15 years, about a quarter of Dutch municipalities is projected to shrink by more than 2.5%, with most of them located in peripheral areas (CBS/PBL, 2013). Decline will not be confined to these regions, however; also some less accessible ‘inland peripheries’, such as the Green Heart, will be affected. The large cities are expected to consolidate their position; with Amsterdam believed to remain the largest city, followed by Rotterdam.

Source data

The maps and circle charts on population growth and decline per municipality are based on data provided by Statistics Netherlands (CBS). The future projection is based on calculations by PBL and CBS (2013). More information (in Dutch) can be found here: http://www.pbl.nl/themasites/regionale-bevolkingsprognose

Use of infographics

Unless stated otherwise, the Creative Commons (BY) licence applies to this infographic. For more information on this licence or the use of this infographic, please contact our graphics department (beeldredactie@pbl.nl).