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Risk of urban poverty persists

Infographic | 29-05-2016
Risk of urban poverty persists

Growing socio-economic inequalities within Europe are widely considered a major challenge for cities. Not just because inequalities may threaten competiveness, but also because of the social impact on urban communities (Tammaru et al., 2015). Inequality can refer to differences in income levels, employment rates as well as segregation (the separation of groups in space, for instance urban neighbourhoods).

One of the key objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy is inclusive growth. This means growth that increases employment while reducing poverty and social exclusion. The ultimate aim is to spread the benefits of economic growth to all levels of society. Recent statistics show that poverty and social exclusion are concentrated in different types of areas across the EU. In less-developed Member States, these issues tend to be more prevalent in rural areas, while in more developed countries, they typically are more of a problem in cities. Furthermore, the gap between urban and rural poverty and social exclusion also varies from country to country; for example, it is considerable in Bulgaria and Romania, but almost negligible in Sweden and Finland.

Source data

The bar chart in this infographic is based on data provided by Eurostat; ‘People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by degree of urbanisation’ (version January 2016). The graphic shows data on ‘cities’ and ‘rural areas’. Data on ‘Towns and suburbs’ is not included in the graphic.

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Unless stated otherwise, the Creative Commons (BY) licence applies to this infographic. For more information on this licence or the use of this infographic, please contact our graphics department (beeldredactie@pbl.nl).