Logo of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
To the main menuTo the submenuTo the main content

Publications

262 results
  1. The impact of taxes and subsidies on crop yields. Agricultural price distortions in Africa.

    Agricultural taxes and subsidies are known to affect farmer’s production decisions in Africa, but their precise impact on crop yields and agricultural intensification across the continent is less...

  2. BioScore 2.0, a species-by-species model to assess anthropogenic impacts on terrestrial biodiversity in Europe

    The BioScore 2.0 model analyses impacts of human-induced pressures on European terrestrial biodiversity. The model can be used for scenario analysis and the assessment of policy options. This...

  3. Self-organisation in Oosterwold, Almere: challenges with public goods and externalities

    Attention to self-organisation and spontaneous order in urban development is growing both in academia and in planning practice. One of the current academic discussions centres around the...

  4. Building Bridges from the Present to Desired Futures - Evaluating Approaches for Visioning and Backcasting

    Backcasting explores how to reach ambitious societal goals--- identifying strategic choices and windows of opportunity.  After early applications in the 1980s, this approach to scenario analysis is...

  5. National Energy Outlook 2016

    Although the target of 16% renewable energy by 2023, as set in the Dutch Energy Agreement, is within sight, the National Energy Outlook (NEV) 2016 shows that the target of 14% renewable energy by...

  6. Natural capital in the Netherlands: Recognising its true value

    Nature provides all kinds of goods and services that offer economic opportunities, such as a water, food, building materials and recreation areas. However, this 'natural capital' is under...

  7. Investigating the challenges and opportunities for scaling up ecosystem restoration

    Land degradation and restoration have become increasingly central to international policy discussions given the launch of Sustainable Development Goal 15 – Life on Land. This background report...

  8. Scaling up investments in Ecosystem Restoration. The key issues: financing and coordination

    Land degradation and restoration have become increasingly central to international policy discussions given the launch of Sustainable Development Goal 15 – Life on Land. This background report...

  9. Pragmatic governance in a changing landscape. Exploring the potential of embedded pragmatism for addressing global biodiversity conservation

    The changing societal landscape has become a breeding ground for non-state actors as ‘new agents of change’ who contribute to dealing with global issues, such as biodiversity conservation and...

  10. Methods for calculating the emissions of transport in the Netherlands 2016

    This report describes the methodologies, emission factors and relevant activity data used to calculate the emissions of environmental pollutants from mobile sources in the Netherlands. The...