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Publications

261 results
  1. Evaluation of Water Framework Directive metrics to analyse trends in water quality in the Netherlands

    The Water Framework Directive (WFD), implemented in 2000, is the major policy instrument for water quality in the European Union. Its main aim is to homogenise and standardise water quality...

  2. Rangeland’s capacity to prevent soil erosion and water surface runoff increases with active restoration

    Over one billion people’s livelihoods depend on dry rangelands through livestock grazing and agriculture. These management activities can cause soil erosion, increase surface runoff and reduce...

  3. GLOBIO-Aquatic, a global model of human impact on the biodiversity of inland aquatic ecosystems

    Biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems is undergoing rapid global decline. Major drivers are land use change, eutrophication, hydrological disturbance, climate change, overexploitation and invasive...

  4. The potential contribution of a nitrogen emission control area to national targets under a revised EU national emission ceiling directive

    A proposal by the European Commission, containing national targets for 2030 for air polluting emissions from land-based sources, allows for a restricted contribution of new emission reductions in...

  5. Inclusive Green Growth

    Designing effective policies for Inclusive Green Growth, or growth that improves the welfare of current and future generations, is difficult. Current growth pathways are often non-green and non-...

  6. Learning by doing - government participation in an energetic society

    The essay ‘Learning by doing’ is a follow-up of ‘The Energetic Society’, a report published in 2011 by PBL Netherlands Envi­ronmental Assessment Agency. The essay raised the following question...

  7. Existing data and knowledge gaps about air-climate inter-linkages and way forwards for improvement

    Over the past years progress has been made in understanding the linkage between air pollution with climate change. Using data available from current integrated assessment models and activities and...

  8. Review landscape appreciation model

    To evaluate the appreciation of nature and landscape, PBL needs reliable models, data and indicators. As the application of existing models has some limitations, PBL requested for plans to develop...

  9. The Landscape approach

    Growing demand for natural resources in combination with climate change have put increasing pressure on nature. It's negative effects are most prominent in developing countries. The landscape...

  10. Netherlands National Energy Outlook 2014

    The first Netherlands National Energy Outlook reveals that objectives for renewable energy and energy saving are not yet being met. The climate target for 2020, however, will be achieved....