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Publications

262 results
  1. Towards standardised evaluative measurement of nature impacts: two spatial planning case studies for major Dutch lakes.

    In the assessment of complex spatial planning projects, ecological and socio-economic impacts are fundamental to the evaluation. The measurements of the ecological impacts of spatial plans have to...

  2. Methods for calculating transport emissions in the Netherlands

    This report describes the methodologies, emission factors and relevant activity data used for calculating the emission of environmental pollutants from mobile sources in the Netherlands. The...

  3. Green Gains: In search of opportunities for the Dutch economy

    If the Netherlands is to remain a strong player in the global economy, it needs to intensify its efforts in greening its economy. The Netherlands lags behind competing neighbouring countries, who...

  4. Modelling housing preferences using decision tables: method and empirical illustration

    To date, the approaches to modelling housing preferences, have mostly been quantitative. This working paper explores an alternative approach, namely that of decision tables that focus on conditions...

  5. Assessment of climate and energy policies of major emitting countries

    Since the 2009 climate negotiations in Copenhagen, many countries and regions have submitted quantitative economy-wide greenhouse gas emission reduction proposals and actions for 2020. The pledged...

  6. The effect of updated pledges and business-as-usual projections, and new agreed rules on expected global greenhouse gas emissions in 2020

    Since the climate negotiations in Copenhagen (2009), many countries have pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. These pledges were 'anchored' in the 2010 Cancún...

  7. Analysing the impacts of including REDD credits in carbon markets

    Larger global emission reductions and lower overall abatement costs can be achieved if REDD (reducing emisions from deforestation) credits are included in a future carbon market. One of the key...

  8. Implications of innovative options for transport on the level of the energy system

    There are several options for a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transport, in the Netherlands, by 2050. In addition to efficiency improvements, new types of fuels, such as...

  9. Cost of greenhouse gas mitigation - comparison between TIMER and WorldScan

    PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency uses the TIMER and Worldscan models to assess the costs and effects of global climate change policies. Both models have their strengths and...

  10. Global land–ocean linkage: direct inputs of nitrogen to coastal waters via submarine groundwater discharge

    The role of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD), the leakage of groundwater from aquifers into coastal waters, in coastal eutrophication has been demonstrated mostly for the North American and...