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Publications

398 results
  1. Insights from the intellectual history of the Global Environment Outlook

    The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) has successfully established a template for global, regional and local reporting on environment and development. GEO highlights upcoming challenges and options...

  2. Cities in Europe (Chinese)

    Cities are expected to play a key role in delivering the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, green and inclusive growth. Therefore, the European Commission, EU Member States and European cities are...

  3. Cities in the Netherlands (Chinese)

    In the Netherlands, about three quarters of the population live in urban areas and almost 80% of the jobs can be found there. In 2015, the Dutch Government launched its Agenda Stad, a national...

  4. Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries: 2018 update

    This report by NewClimate Institute, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provides an overview of projected...

  5. 2 °C and 1.5 °C scenarios and possibilities of limiting the use of BECCS and bio-energy

    This report presents a set of scenarios that limit global warming to below 2 °C and 1.5 °C, by either using full-technology reduction options as included in the IMAGE and POLES models, or by...

  6. Trends in global CO2 and total greenhouse gas emissions: 2018 report

    In 2017, the growth in global greenhouse gas emissions resumed at a rate of 1.3% per year, reaching 50.9 gigatonnes in CO 2 equivalent. This was mainly due to emissions of CO 2 and methane,...

  7. Planetary security: in search of drivers of violence and conflict. Part I: national-scale databases and reliability issues

    The potential links between climate change, weather patterns, migration and conflict have received growing attention from scientists, media and global institutions over the last decade. This report...

  8. Policy and practice – affordable housing in the Netherlands

    Over the past few years, housing in the Netherlands has become increasingly less affordable, especially for lower income households. This article describes the causes and the most recent policy...

  9. Contrasting changes in bird abundance and diversity (1971-2010)

    A large variety of measures and indicators is available to capture aspects of biodiversity change. Which are the most informative?

  10. Spatial modelling of participatory landscape scenarios

    Spatially explicit modelling tools can be helpful in participatory scenario development with stakeholders fom multiple sectors. In a set of three casestudies by PBL and EcoAgriculture Partners,...