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Publications

393 results
  1. Early action on Paris Agreement allows for more time to change energy systems

    The IMAGE integrated assessment model was used to develop a set of scenarios to evaluate the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted by Parties under the Paris Agreement. The scenarios...

  2. The role of decentralized systems in providing universal electricity access in Sub-Saharan Africa – A model-based approach

    Poverty and lack of access to electricity are highly correlated. In Sub-Saharan Africa, one of the poorest regions in the world, two in every three people have no access to electricity. This paper...

  3. People and the Earth

    With the adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the world committed to an economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable world. The corresponding objectives, laid down...

  4. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: impacts and combinations

    Halting biodiversity loss in the EU requires substantial policy action. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future of nature, in search for new policy approaches. This...

  5. Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands 1990-2010: National Inventory Report 2012

    In 2010, total greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands increased by approximately 6%, compared to the 2009 emission level. This increase mainly resulted from increased fuel combustion...

  6. Emissions of transboundary air pollutants in the Netherlands, 1990–2015: Netherlands Informative Inventory Report 2017

    In the 2017 Informative Inventory Report (IIR) by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), the Dutch emission data on transboundary air polluting substances have been...

  7. A physically-based model of long-term food demand

    Reducing hunger while staying within planetary boundaries of pollution, land use and fresh water use is one of the most urgent sustainable development goals. It is imperative to understand future...

  8. Spatiotemporal dynamics of soil phosphorus and crop uptake in global cropland during the 20th century

    Phosphorus (P) plays a vital role in global crop production and food security. In this study, we investigate the changes in soil P pool inventories calibrated from historical countrywide crop P...

  9. Low-emission pathways in 11 major economies: comparison of cost-optimal pathways and Paris climate proposals

    In order to evaluate the effectiveness of climate policy, it is important to understand emission trends and policies at the national level. The 2015 Paris Agreement includes (Intended) Nationally...

  10. Methods for calculating transport emissions in the Netherlands 2017

    This report describes the methodologies, emission factors and relevant activity data used to calculate the emissions of environmental pollutants from mobile sources in the Netherlands. The...