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Costs of offshore wind energy 2018

The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate requested PBL to conduct an update on SDE+ base amounts and grid connection costs of offshore wind energy in the Netherlands, based on current market insights. This note presents the results of the update, which were drawn on...

Impact of car sharing on mobility and CO2 emissions

Many people are used to occasionally sharing their car with friends or family. Car sharing via an organisation that brings together supply and demand and takes care of insurances and payments, however, is a new phenomenon. As the impact of this new form of car sharing is not...

Vehicle taxation has made new EU passenger vehicles more fuel-efficient

Tax incentives have motivated motorists to opt for more fuel-efficient vehicles more often, in 15 of the studied EU Member States. CO2 emissions from new passenger vehicles, per kilometre driven, therefore, have decreased by around 1.3% between 2001 and 2010, which is about a...

Greening the Dutch car fleet: the role of differentiated sales taxes

In the Netherlands, car taxes since 2006 have become increasingly dependent on a vehicle's CO2 emission level. This ultimately resulted in the introduction of a progressive tax system, related to this emission level, for the vehicle sales tax (VST) in 2010. This study shows...

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