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Urbanising food systems

This publication is a background report to the IFAD Rural Development Report 2021 on Food System Transformations. The IFAD report is published in preparation of the UN Food System Summit, taking place 27 September till 2 October 2021. This background report focusses on the...

Fuel tankering in relation to a Dutch CO2 ceiling for aviation

In order to reduce CO2 emissions from international aviation, the Dutch Government is considering the introduction of a CO2 emission ceiling for all flights departing from Dutch airports. This report discusses possible risks with respect to the effectiveness of a CO2 emission...

Greening the recovery to make it last

The WAVES partnership supports countries with implementing Natural Capital Accounting (NCA). At the request of the WAVES partnership, PBL has evaluated how NCA can support a ‘green’ recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. The report was prepared as input for the 5th Policy Forum...

Extended Producer Responsibility

Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is a widely used policy to support the transition to a circular economy in the European Union. In these two reports, PBL and CPB analyse the design, functioning and effects of EPR, based on a survey of the literature and on case studies...

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