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Modelling Regional Energy Use for Evaluating Global Climate Scenarios

The Energy-Economy model presented in this report is a submodel of the integrated IMAGE 2.1 model (Integrated Model for Analyzing Greenhouse Effects). The Energy-Economy submodel computes total energy use, with a focus on final energy consumption in end-use sectors, based on...

Modelling global biogeochemical cycles; an integrated assessment approach

Global biogeochemical cycles describe the transformation and movement of chemical substances in the global environment. Disturbances in these global biogeochemical cycles, in particular the cycles of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) phosphorus (P), and sulphur (S), initiated by a...