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Energy and Climate Change

What do the current climate policies and proposals achieve?

Question and Answer | 23-11-2015

By 12 November 2015, more than 160 countries have submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) in preparation for the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015. These countries represent about 94% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2012.

Emission reductions of 9 to 11 GtCO2e

An assessment of the INDCs of 102 countries, together responsible for 89% of global greenhouse gas emissions, shows that these could reduce emissions by 9 to 11 GtCO2e by 2030, compared to the business-as-usual levels, if fully implemented.

Emission gap

However, implementation of the unconditional INDCs would still leave an emission gap of 14 GtCO2e with the 2030 global emission levels needed for keeping the temperature increase below 2 °C. Implementation of the conditional INDCs would further reduce this gap to 12 GtCO2e.

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The global 2 °C emission gap is defined as the difference between the 2030 emission levels that would be consistent with keeping global warming below 2 °C and the 2030 emission levels that would result from implementation of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).

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