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112 resultaten
  1. Share of raw material costs in total production costs

    The share of raw material costs in the total costs for producers can be calculated using different methods. This note compares two of these methods; the energy and material costs and the basic raw...

  2. Evaluating the societal quality of research carried out by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

    The evaluation of the societal quality of research is an important issue for PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency as its mission is to provide policy relevant knowledge. In view of the...

  3. Evaluatie van de maatschappelijke kwaliteit van PBL-onderzoek

    De evaluatie van de maatschappelijke kwaliteit van onderzoek is een belangrijk punt voor het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving, aangezien het zijn missie is om beleidsrelevante kennis te leveren....

  4. Methods for calculating transport emissions in the Netherlands

    This report describes the methodologies, emission factors and relevant activity data used to calculate the emission of environmental pollutants from mobile sources in the Netherlands. The emissions...

  5. Implications of innovative options for transport on the level of the energy system

    There are several options for a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transport, in the Netherlands, by 2050. In addition to efficiency improvements, new types of fuels, such as...

  6. Gevolgen van vernieuwende keuzes voor transport op het niveau van het energiesysteem

    Er zijn verschillende mogelijkheden om de uitstoot van broeikasgassen door de transportsector in Nederland met 60% te reduceren in 2050. Behalve het verbeteren van de efficiëntie, zijn nieuwe...

  7. Changing track, changing tack; Dutch ideas for a robust environmental policy for the 21st century

    The positive effects of environmental policy in the past do not guarantee adequate results for the future. Present and future environmental challenges require new approaches, primarily because the...

  8. Emissions of transboundary air pollutants in the Netherlands, 1990–2011: Netherlands Informative Inventory Report 2013

    Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) in the Netherlands decreased in 2011, for the first time to a level below the cap set by the European Union for 2010. Hereby, the Netherlands complies with...

  9. Comments on the European Commission's Green Paper ‘A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies’

    The European Commission has recently published a green paper titled ‘A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies’. In that document, the Commission formulated a number of questions for public...

  10. The effects of Climate Change in the Netherlands: 2012

    Although climate change is expected to continue, its negative impacts for the Netherlands appear manageable. Here, most climatic changes will take place more gradual than in many other regions,...