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Cutting Europe’s meat and dairy intake is beneficial for human health, the environment and climate


Halving the current consumption of meat and dairy in the EU would not only have considerable health benefits but also achieve reductions of around 40% in agricultural nitrogen losses and 25% to 40% in greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture.

Energy in the Netherlands at a tipping point


Dutch energy supply is at a tipping point, according to the second Dutch National Energy Outlook. The share of renewable energy is expected to grow at an accelerated pace and energy saving will increase as well. However, after 2020 these trends will level off. Further progress towards a clean and reliable energy system in the long term requires new policy input.

Delaying substantial emission reductions limits climate policy choices


If fast and substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is postponed further, there are fewer options available to stay below the 2 °C warming target for the end of the century. Delayed action is likely to lead to measures that remove CO2 directly from the atmosphere by planting forests and using bioenergy in combination with carbon capture and storage. The latter technique still involves considerable challenges.


One-pager on global CO2

Are global CO2 emissions still rising? This one-pager answers questions such as: which countries are the largest emitters? And have developed countries reduced their emissions? PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency presents the latest facts and figures.

Nature Outlook 2016

What is the potential of new coalitions of governments, businesses and citizens to contribute to the EU's biodiversity goals? In the Nature Outlook, PBL uses a new approach to explore this question. Based on the multiple visions that people and businesses have on nature, the study will elaborate four different perspectives for nature in the EU by 2050, exploring the synergies between them and identifying corresponding coalitions of actors. What are the actions they can take to bring desired futures near?

COP21 Paris

In December 2015, countries worldwide assembled at the UN climate negotiations in Paris to discuss and adopt a new international climate change agreement. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency provided information on some of the key questions for the Paris negotiations, especially on mitigation.

Biodiversity: further decline or bending the trend?

What is happening to life on earth? What are the pressures affecting biological diversity globally, and what can be done to stop its decline? This animated film brings you to the year 2050. The choices that we as a society make today will determine what the world will look like decades from now.