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Publications

1652 results
  1. Science-based greenhouse gas emission targets for agriculture and forestry

    To limit global warming to well below 2 °C, as agreed in the Paris Climate Agreement, climate actions by the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land-Use (AFOLU) sector are crucial. The greenhouse gas...

  2. Quantifying Biodiversity Losses Due to Human Consumption: A Global-Scale Footprint Analysis

    It is increasingly recognized that human consumption leads to considerable losses of biodiversity. This study  systematically quantifies these losses in relation to land use and greenhouse gas (GHG...

  3. Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

    An important question is how to measure the progress of the transition towards a circular economy (CE transition). Together PBL and Utrecht University have developed a framework about the role of...

  4. Sensitivity of projected long-term CO2 emissions across the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways

    Scenarios showing future greenhouse gas emissions are needed to estimate climate impacts and the mitigation efforts required for climate stabilization. Recently, the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (...

  5. Lessons from temporal and spatial patterns in global use of N and P fertilizer on cropland

    Many high-income countries have experienced excessive nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) inputs from fertilizer and animal manure in crop production in the 1970s and 1980s. Landscapes have a nutrient...

  6. The impact of taxes and subsidies on crop yields. Agricultural price distortions in Africa.

    Agricultural taxes and subsidies are known to affect farmer’s production decisions in Africa, but their precise impact on crop yields and agricultural intensification across the continent is less...

  7. Indicators and modelling of land use, land management and ecosystem services

    This report provides the technical description of seven models on ecosystem services on a European scale. The ecosystem services included are carbon sequestration, erosion prevention, flood...

  8. A global model for mean annual river discharge

    This paper describes a global-scale regression model that quantifies mean annual river discharge based on a set of easily retrievable catchment characteristics (catchment area, precipitation,...

  9. BioScore 2.0, a species-by-species model to assess anthropogenic impacts on terrestrial biodiversity in Europe

    The BioScore 2.0 model analyses impacts of human-induced pressures on European terrestrial biodiversity. The model can be used for scenario analysis and the assessment of policy options. This...

  10. Citizens’ images and values of nature in Europe

    A survey amongst 9000 EU citizens reveals the images and values of nature in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The survey is part of...