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Publications

1770 results
  1. Developments in monitoring climate change adaptation in urban areas. Quick scan of experiences outside the Netherlands.

    In support of the Dutch Delta Programme on Spatial Adaptation, PBL has conducted a quick scan of developments outside the Netherlands in methods to monitor the impact (output and outcome) of...

  2. The geography of future water challenges

    This publication shows that, without improved water management or adaptation to climate change, the global sustainability goals cannot be achieved. The report highlights the urgent need for an...

  3. Alternative pathways to the 1.5 °C target reduce the need for negative emission technologies

    Mitigation scenarios that achieve the ambitious targets included in the Paris Agreement typically rely on greenhouse gas emission reductions combined with net carbon dioxide removal (CDR) from the...

  4. Natural capital accounting for the sustainable development goals

    The World Bank WAVES programme supports several countries with the development of natural capital accounts (NCAs). NCAs link natural capital to a country’s system of national accounts and can also...

  5. Pathways for agriculture and forestry to contribute to terrestrial biodiversity conservation: a global scenario-study

    While there has been an increase in the societal responses to biodiversity loss, in most cases this will not be sufficient to achieve the biodiversity targets by 2020, let alone to realise the...

  6. Scenarios towards limiting global mean temperature increase below 1.5 °C

    The 2015 Paris Agreement calls for countries to pursue efforts to limit global-mean temperature rise to 1.5 °C. The transition pathways that can meet such a target have not, however, been...

  7. Relative price increase for nature and ecosystem services

    In 2015, the Dutch working group on discount rates recommended using the standard discount rate in cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) of nature, while taking into account annual relative price increases...

  8. Forms and subannual variability of nitrogen and phosphorus loading to global river networks over the 20th century

    Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loading of global aquatic ecosystems has doubled during the 20th century and at the same time has the nutrient composition been disturbed by increasing proportions...

  9. Limited emission reductions from fuel subsidy removal except in energy-exporting regions

    Hopes are high that removing fossil fuel subsidies could help to mitigate climate change by discouraging inefficient energy consumption and levelling the playing field for renewable energy. In...

  10. Signal detection in global mean temperatures after Paris: an uncertainty and sensitivity analysis

    Since large financial flows will be needed to keep GMSTs (global mean surface temperature s) below 2.0 °C , it is important to know how GMST has progressed since pre-industrial...