Logo of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
To the main menuTo the submenuTo the main content

Publications

1710 results
  1. Evaluation of green deals for a circular economy

    PBL has evaluated the role of Green Deals in preparing the path towards a circular economy. The evaluation shows that although Green Deals make a valuable contribution to the process of green...

  2. Exploring future changes in land use and land condition and the impacts on food, water, climate change and biodiversity: Scenarios for the UNCCD Global Land Outlook

    The pressure on land is growing in many regions of the world, due to the increasing demand for arable crops, meat and dairy products, bio-energy and timber, and is exacerbated by land degradation...

  3. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: impacts and combinations

    Halting biodiversity loss in the EU requires substantial policy action. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future of nature, in search for new policy approaches. This...

  4. Implementing the “Sustainable Development Goals”: towards addressing three key governance challenges—collective action, trade-offs, and accountability

    Realising the aspirations of the “Sustainable Development Goals” (SDGs) to reduce inequality, limit ecological damage, and secure resilient livelihoods is a grand challenge for sustainability...

  5. People and the Earth

    With the adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the world committed to an economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable world. The corresponding objectives, laid down...

  6. How natural capital delivers ecosystem services: A typology derived from a systematic review

    To help decision-makers understand the links between natural capital and ecosystem services (i.e. nature’s contribution to people) a simple typology was developed showing how attributes of natural...

  7. Modeling the Effects of Future Growing Demand for Charcoal in the Tropics

    Global demand for charcoal is increasing mainly due to urban population in developing countries. More than half the global population now lives in cities, and urban-dwellers are restricted to...

  8. Abandonment of natural gas production and investment in carbon storage

    Long-term mitigation scenarios rely heavily on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) for achieving ambitious climate change targets. The amount of CO 2 storage in these scenarios depends on the CO 2...

  9. Keeping track of adaptation in the Dutch Delta

    Throughout the world, adaptation to climate change is one of the major challenges. In the Netherlands, under the Delta Programme, adaptation strategies have been developed for flood protection,...

  10. Using behavioral insights to make firms more energy efficient: A field experiment on the effects of improved communication

    The Dutch government provides annual, detailed, energy-efficiency feedback to individual companies that have signed a voluntary agreement to increase their energy efficiency. However, only about 14...