Logo of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
To the main menuTo the submenuTo the main content

Publications

1783 results
  1. Natural capital accounting for the sustainable development goals

    The World Bank WAVES programme supports several countries with the development of natural capital accounts (NCAs). NCAs link natural capital to a country’s system of national accounts and can also...

  2. Future agricultural phosphorus demand according to the shared socioeconomic pathways

    The five Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP) show similar global crop P uptake and P inputs, despite differences in population and incomes. In the sustainability scenario SSP1, the increase in P...

  3. Simple Planning Rules for Complex Urban Problems: Toward Legal Certainty for Spatial Flexibility

    In the course of the nineteenth century, many countries attempted to simplify their regulatory systems; since then, however, the entire legal apparatus has become ever more complex, being based on...

  4. Uncertain Environmental Footprint of Current and Future Battery Electric Vehicles

    The future environmental impacts of battery electric vehicles (EVs) are very important given their expected dominance in future transport systems. Previous studies have shown these impacts to be...

  5. Assessing future reactive nitrogen inputs into global croplands based on the shared socioeconomic pathways

    Only under the most optimistic sustainability scenario, the global synthetic fertilizer use in croplands stabilizes or even shrinks in the coming decades. In the most pessimistic fragmentation...

  6. Pathways for agriculture and forestry to contribute to terrestrial biodiversity conservation: a global scenario-study

    While there has been an increase in the societal responses to biodiversity loss, in most cases this will not be sufficient to achieve the biodiversity targets by 2020, let alone to realise the...

  7. Scenarios towards limiting global mean temperature increase below 1.5 °C

    The 2015 Paris Agreement calls for countries to pursue efforts to limit global-mean temperature rise to 1.5 °C. The transition pathways that can meet such a target have not, however, been...

  8. Relative price increase for nature and ecosystem services

    In 2015, the Dutch working group on discount rates recommended using the standard discount rate in cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) of nature, while taking into account annual relative price increases...

  9. Forms and subannual variability of nitrogen and phosphorus loading to global river networks over the 20th century

    Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loading of global aquatic ecosystems has doubled during the 20th century and at the same time has the nutrient composition been disturbed by increasing proportions...

  10. Limited emission reductions from fuel subsidy removal except in energy-exporting regions

    Hopes are high that removing fossil fuel subsidies could help to mitigate climate change by discouraging inefficient energy consumption and levelling the playing field for renewable energy. In...