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Publications

1806 results
  1. Residual fossil CO2 emissions in 1.5–2 °C pathways

    The Paris Agreement—which is aimed at holding global warming well below 2 °C while pursuing efforts to limit it below 1.5 °C—has initiated a bottom-up process of iteratively updating nationally...

  2. New Dynamics in Global Environmental Governance

    In the face of urgency of addressing global sustainability challenges and limited political will and capacity at national and international governmental levels to take effective action, new agents...

  3. Energy investment needs for fulfilling the Paris Agreement and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

    Low-carbon investments are necessary for driving the energy system transformation that is called for by both the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals. Improving understanding of the...

  4. Integrating Functions for a Sustainable Urban System: A Review of Multifunctional Land Use and Circular Urban Metabolism

    Cities pose environmental challenges but also offer possibilities to close material and energy loops and connect multiple societal and ecologic services. Two important new research directions that...

  5. Comparing impacts of climate change and mitigation on global agriculture by 2050

    Systematic model inter-comparison helps to narrow discrepancies in the analysis of the future impact of climate change on agricultural production. This paper presents a set of alternative scenarios...

  6. Exploring spatiotemporal changes of the Yangtze River (Changjiang) nitrogen and phosphorus sources, retention and export to the East China Sea and Yellow Sea

    Since 1900, N export by the Yangtze river increased 17-fold and that of P 7-fold. This dramatic increase in coastal nutrient loading could lead to declining oxygen concentrations waters, and the...

  7. Reducing external costs of nitrogen pollution by relocation of pig production between regions in the European Union

    Relocation of pig production between provinces (224 NUTS2 regions) within the EU27 can reduce the total external costs of nitrogen pollution by about 10% (14 billion €). Eligible regions for...

  8. Global patterns of road infrastructure

    Georeferenced information on road infrastructure is essential for spatial planning, socio-economic assessments and environmental impact analyses. However, current publicly available global road...

  9. Natural Capital Accounting for Better Decision Making, Applications for Sustainable Development

    The 2nd Policy Forum on Natural Capital Accounting for Better Decision Making was held in November 2017, in The Hague, organised by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, in...

  10. GHG mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries: an overview of recently adopted policies

    NewClimate Institute, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and IIASA present an overview of on climate change mitigation policies in 25 major emitting countries/regions that have been...