Smart Cities - Visualising the Challenge for 21st Century Urbanism
The discourse on ‘Smart Cities’ is everywhere. It promises an era of innovative urban planning, driven by smart urban technologies that will make cities safer, cleaner and, above all, more efficient. Efficiency seems uncontroversial but does it make for great cities? In this book, Maarten Hajer, Director-general of PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and Ton Dassen, urban sustainability researcher at PBL, plea for a ‘smart urbanism’ instead of uncritically adopting ‘smart cities’.
Green Gains: In search of opportunities for the Dutch economy
If the Netherlands is to remain a strong player in the global economy, it needs to intensify its efforts in greening its economy. The Netherlands lags behind competing neighbouring countries, who began their transition towards a green economy earlier, focus more on doing so, have ambitious long-term targets in place, and invest heavily in research. The business community by itself cannot bring about a green Dutch economy; the government also has an important role to play. What is needed is a stronger, greener innovation policy.