Assessment of climate and energy policies of major emitting countries

Since the 2009 climate negotiations in Copenhagen, many countries and regions have submitted quantitative economy-wide greenhouse gas emission reduction proposals and actions for 2020. The pledged emission reduction proposals have initiated certain domestic policies. This study analyses the projected impact of the most effective domestic policies on emissions in 19 major emitting countries by 2020, and assesses whether these countries are on track to meeting their pledges.

Are countries on track to achieve their pledges, following the implementation of their most effective national climate policies?

Pledges have led to planning efforts and implementation of national policies in all 19 major emitting countries and regions. Those policies are likely to deliver the pledged emission reductions. For some countries, the implemented policies are estimated to deliver higher emission reductions than the level of their pledges. Other countries need to take additional action or purchase international offsets to ensure that pledges will be met by 2020. All major emitting countries have set renewable energy targets and some have recently implemented efficiency standards in their transport and/or energy sectors.

This report from PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Ecofys and IIASA also describes the methodology used in the assessment of the level of greenhouse gas emission reductions in the selected countries.


Mark Roelfsema, Michel den Elzen, Niklas Höhne, Andries Hof, Nadine Braun, Hanna Fekete, Hannes Böttcher, Ruut Brandsma, Julia Larkin


Publication title
Assessment of climate and energy policies of major emitting countries
Publication date
21 November 2013
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