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Publications

1839 results
  1. Urban regions as engines of economic growth

    According to the recent PBL study 'Urban regions as engines of economic growth', in most countries, new regional economic policies are needed. Policies in which national and regional...

  2. Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries: 2018 update

    This report by NewClimate Institute, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provides an overview of projected...

  3. 2 °C and 1.5 °C scenarios and possibilities of limiting the use of BECCS and bio-energy

    This report presents a set of scenarios that limit global warming to below 2 °C and 1.5 °C, by either using full-technology reduction options as included in the IMAGE and POLES models, or by...

  4. Trends in global CO2 and total greenhouse gas emissions: 2018 report

    In 2017, the growth in global greenhouse gas emissions resumed at a rate of 1.3% per year, reaching 50.9 gigatonnes in CO 2 equivalent. This was mainly due to emissions of CO 2 and methane,...

  5. Planetary security: in search of drivers of violence and conflict. Part I: national-scale databases and reliability issues

    The potential links between climate change, weather patterns, migration and conflict have received growing attention from scientists, media and global institutions over the last decade. This report...

  6. UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2018

    Nations must triple their efforts in order to achieve the 2 °C climate  target, according to the 2018 edition of UNEP’s annual Emissions Gap Report. Although it is still possible to keep global...

  7. Are the G20 economies making enough progress to meet their NDC targets?

    Under the Paris Agreement, countries committed to a variety of climate actions, including post-2020 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets. This study compares projected GHG emissions in...

  8. Reflections on Transparency: expectations about transparency as an instrument to stimulate corporate social responsibility

    Sustainability reporting can be an incentive for companies to improve their corporate social responsibility. EU guidelines on improving the transparency of company sustainability reports have...

  9. Spatial modelling of participatory landscape scenarios

    Spatially explicit modelling tools can be helpful in participatory scenario development with stakeholders fom multiple sectors. In a set of three casestudies by PBL and EcoAgriculture Partners,...

  10. Report on the workshop 'Next Steps in Developing Nature Futures'

    In June 2018, PBL hosted a workshop for the IPBES expert group on Scenarios and Models. An important outcome was an inclusive framework for understanding how people relate to and value nature, and...