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Publications

1837 results
  1. The geography of future water challenges

    This publication shows that, without improved water management or adaptation to climate change, the global sustainability goals cannot be achieved. The report highlights the urgent need for an...

  2. Comparing future patterns of energy system change in 2 °C scenarios to expert projections

    Integrated assessment models (IAMs) are computer-based instruments used to assess the implications of human activity on the human and earth system. They are simultaneously also used to explore...

  3. Alternative pathways to the 1.5 °C target reduce the need for negative emission technologies

    Mitigation scenarios that achieve the ambitious targets included in the Paris Agreement typically rely on greenhouse gas emission reductions combined with net carbon dioxide removal (CDR) from the...

  4. Vehicle emissions and impacts of taxes and incentives in the evolution of past emissions

    The analysis presented in this report was framed around two key objectives. The first was to create an inventory of the different vehicle taxation and incentive schemes in place across Europe. The...

  5. Natural capital accounting for the sustainable development goals

    The World Bank WAVES programme supports several countries with the development of natural capital accounts (NCAs). NCAs link natural capital to a country’s system of national accounts and can also...

  6. Comparing recent suburban developments in Austria and the Netherlands

    The chapter 'Comparing recent suburban developments in Austria and the Netherlands' in the book 'The Suburban Land Question: A Global Survey' describes the results of a...

  7. Future agricultural phosphorus demand according to the shared socioeconomic pathways

    The five Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP) show similar global crop P uptake and P inputs, despite differences in population and incomes. In the sustainability scenario SSP1, the increase in P...

  8. Simple Planning Rules for Complex Urban Problems: Toward Legal Certainty for Spatial Flexibility

    In the course of the nineteenth century, many countries attempted to simplify their regulatory systems; since then, however, the entire legal apparatus has become ever more complex, being based on...

  9. Uncertain Environmental Footprint of Current and Future Battery Electric Vehicles

    The future environmental impacts of battery electric vehicles (EVs) are very important given their expected dominance in future transport systems. Previous studies have shown these impacts to be...

  10. Assessing future reactive nitrogen inputs into global croplands based on the shared socioeconomic pathways

    Only under the most optimistic sustainability scenario, the global synthetic fertilizer use in croplands stabilizes or even shrinks in the coming decades. In the most pessimistic fragmentation...