In this article we demonstrate that 10-17% of regional GDP in the UK regions is exposed to a Brexit. This is far more than regions in other countries. Only regions in the Republic of Ireland face exposure levels similar to some UK regions, while the next most affected regions are in Germany, The Netherlands (3.5%–5% of regional GDP), Belgium and France.
Regional trade dataset
The analysis is based on our unique PBL regional trade dataset for EU NUTS2 regions to study the degree to which EU regions are exposed to negative trade‐related consequences of Brexit.