The Nature Outlook is one of the regular products of PBL Netherlands Environmental Agency. For the present Outlook there has been a lot of interaction between researchers and policy-makers and societal groups.
For the last five years, scientists across Europe have chronicled the little-known nitrogen dilemma and the threats it poses to our environment and health – as well as how we can solve the problem.
Nitrogen pollution costs the European Union between €70 billion and €320 billion per year. This cost is more than double the value that nitrogen fertilizers are estimated to add to European farm income.
Synthesis of the Global Nutrient export from Watersheds project.
N:P:Si nutrient export ratios and ecological consequences in coastal seas evaluated by the ICEP approach
Calculated Indicator for Coastal Eutrophication Potential (ICEP) for the year 2050 based on Global NEWS data for the four Millennium Ecosystem Assessment scenarios show increasing values particularly in developing countries.
NEWS 2 can be used as an effective tool to examine the impact of polices to reduce coastal eutrophication at regional to global scales. Continued enhancements will focus on the incorporation of other forms and sub-basin spatial variability in drivers and retention processes.
PBL co-organised an international workshop to explore how the 'Action Agenda for Nature and People' of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) could practically be developed and implemented. It produced valuable recommendations to make the Action Agenda contribute to a...
Lessons learned from spatial planning in the Netherlands. In support of integrated landscape initiatives, globally.
Experiences with different government styles can provide lessons on choosing an optimal approach in other contexts and situations. This study illustrates the role of spatial planning in landscape management and development in the Netherlands. It is part of a PBL research...
In June 2018, PBL hosted a workshop for the IPBES expert group on Scenarios and Models. An important outcome was an inclusive framework for understanding how people relate to and value nature, and for building diverse positive nature future scenarios at different scales.
The Emerging Governance Landscape around Zero Deforestation Pledges. Insights into dynamics and effects of zero deforestation pledges.
Voluntary commitments to eliminate or reduce deforestation are developing into a powerful framing of global activities to combat deforestation and forest degradation. With the demand for agricultural commodities expected to double in coming decades, pressure on forests is...