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Integrated Criteria Document Fine Particulate Matter

This document reports data on fine particulate matter with regard to sources and emissions, exposure levels, effect levels, risks, and technical possibilities for reducing these risks. The information provides the scientific basis for formulating an effect-directed...

Documentation of a geographically explicit dynamic carbon cycle model

The CO2 concentration in the atmosphere has increased considerably during the last century. Without strong reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, the concentration will double from the pre-industrial level in the middle of next century. For a better understanding of its...

The CARMEN Status Report 1995

Progress in the EUROMOD project (RIVM no. 461501) is reported. The EUROMOD project aims at the realization of a computer model that may support international negotiations concerning Europe's environment.

Enhancements on the European land use database

The quality of environmental monitoring and forecasting on a European scale is influenced significantly by the accuracy of land use and land cover data. Due to an urgent need for a geo-referenced European Land Use (ELU) database the National Institute of Public Health and the...

Parametrization of NO2 photodissociation rate

The NO2 photodissociation rate, j(NO2), plays a key role in atmospheric chemistry. It is one of the most sensitive parameters in atmospheric photochemical transport models. In transport models estimates of the photolysis rates are generally based on radiation transfer (sub-)...

Technical description of the RIVM trajectory model

The RIVM trajectory model, described in this report, enables calculation of a backward or forward trajectory. These trajectories are used to "follow" previous released air pollution in a backward mode or to "find" the origin of air pollution in a forward mode.