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Publications

1718 results
  1. Building Bridges from the Present to Desired Futures - Evaluating Approaches for Visioning and Backcasting

    Backcasting explores how to reach ambitious societal goals--- identifying strategic choices and windows of opportunity.  After early applications in the 1980s, this approach to scenario analysis is...

  2. African food supply in perspective

    The picture of Africa’s increasing dependence on imports and large-scale agricultural expansion to keep up its food supply needs nuancing. Domestic production increase was the dominant factor for...

  3. The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 3: the Last Millennium, Scientific Objective and Experimental Design for the PMIP4 past1000 simulations

    The pre-industrial millennium is among the periods selected by the Paleoclimate Model Intercomparison Project (PMIP) for experiments contributing to the sixth phase of the Coupled Model...

  4. Subsiding soils, rising costs

    The PBL study Subsiding soils, rising costs provides a clear-cut overview of the impact of peatland subsidence and possible measures for both rural and urban areas. A directed policy adopted...

  5. Research priorities for negative emissions

    Carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere (CDR)—also known as 'negative emissions'—features prominently in most 2 °C scenarios and has been under increased scrutiny by scientists,...

  6. Assessing uncertainties in global cropland futures using a conditional probabilistic modelling framework

    We present a modelling framework to simulate probabilistic futures of global cropland areas that are conditional on the SSP (shared socio-economic pathway) scenarios. Simulations are based on the...

  7. Fiscal Policy and CO2 Emissions of New Passenger Cars in the EU

    Tax incentives have motivated motorists to opt for more fuel-efficient vehicles more often, in 15 of the studied EU Member States. CO 2 emissions from new passenger vehicles, per kilometre...

  8. Global Carbon Budget 2016

    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important...

  9. Global and regional abatement costs of INDCs and of enhanced action to levels well below 2 °C and 1.5 °C

    Under the Paris Agreement, countries agreed to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels. Current climate action plans would deliver half the...

  10. National Energy Outlook 2016

    Although the target of 16% renewable energy by 2023, as set in the Dutch Energy Agreement, is within sight, the National Energy Outlook (NEV) 2016 shows that the target of 14% renewable energy by...