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Publications

1761 results
  1. Low-emission pathways in 11 major economies: comparison of cost-optimal pathways and Paris climate proposals

    In order to evaluate the effectiveness of climate policy, it is important to understand emission trends and policies at the national level. The 2015 Paris Agreement includes (Intended) Nationally...

  2. Fiscal Instruments for Sustainable Development: The Case of Land Taxes

    Land taxes are not the first thing policymakers think of when considering an intervention to stimulate sustainable development. Land taxes provide however an untapped potential for domestic...

  3. Spatiotemporal dynamics of soil phosphorus and crop uptake in global cropland during the 20th century

    Phosphorus (P) plays a vital role in global crop production and food security. In this study, we investigate the changes in soil P pool inventories calibrated from historical countrywide crop P...

  4. A framework for modelling the complexities of food and water security under globalisation

    In our globalised world, food security and water security are inextricably intertwined. Food production accounts for approximately 70 % of global freshwater use, with variability in agricultural...

  5. Hunting is a major threat to wildlife in tropical regions

    Hunting is a major threat to wildlife particularly in tropical regions. A systematic large-scale estimate of hunting-induced loss of animal species was lacking so far. A study published in Science...

  6. Pathways for balancing CO2 emissions and sinks

    In December 2015 in Paris, leaders committed to achieve global, net decarbonization of human activities before 2100. This achievement would halt and even reverse anthropogenic climate change...

  7. Quantifying biodiversity footprints of Dutch economic sectors: A global supply-chain analysis

    Economic sectors contribute to biodiversity loss through environmental pressures, such as land use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, both directly via their production processes and indirectly...

  8. Perspectives on the future of nature in Europe: storylines and visualisations

    The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to decline further, making it difficult to achieve the 2050 policy vision. The Nature Outlook study elaborates four perspectives on the future...

  9. The application of natural capital accounting in Dutch energy and water policies

    Information from environmental accounts is highly relevant to improve policy-making. PBL, VU Amsterdam and Statistics Netherlands evaluated the role of these accounts in the Dutch implementation of...

  10. Assessing the ambition of post-2020 climate targets: a comprehensive framework

    One of the most fundamental questions surrounding the new Paris Agreement is whether countries’ proposals to reduce GHG emissions after 2020 are equally ambitious, considering differences in...