This report on decarbonisation options for the chemical industry is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation. The report gives an overview of the production of chemicals at the Pernis location of Shell Nederland Chemie (SNC-Pernis) and the options for decarbonisation.
Manufactured products are intermediates for the chemical industry
The majority of the products manufactured in SNC–Pernis are intermediates for the rest of the chemical industry. The main products are propylene, chemical solvents from propylene and butene streams, and propylene oxide derivates (such as glycol ethers and polyols). Hydrocarbon solvents are also manufactured in these facilities. All these materials are key building blocks for the chemical industry to manufacture everyday products.
Decarbonisation options include electrification, fossil fuel substitution and CCUS
This section presents potential options for reduction of energy use and/or CO2 by 2050. Decarbonisation options include technologies for electrification, energy efficiency, blue/green hydrogen for fossil fuel substitution, bio-based solutions and Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS).
Although SNC-Pernis and its decarbonisation are strongly related to the adjacent Shell refinery, the scope of this report excludes the refinery, which is covered by the MIDDEN report related to the Dutch refineries (expected in November 2020).