This report on decarbonisation options for the Dutch carbon black industry is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation.
The carbon black industry in the Netherlands
Carbon black is a product widely used in industry to enhance the mechanical, electrical and optical properties of the materials where it is integrated as a filler. Most of the industrially produced carbon black is consumed by the tyre manufacturing industry and the remainder is used in rubber products and diverse applications such as plastics, paint and printing ink.
Decarbonisation options include electrification, CCS and substitution of feedstock
The main decarbonisation options that have been identified in the report are:
- Electrification of the process using plasma technology (for the reactor) and electric boilers (for heat production),
- Carbon Capture and Storage to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from combustion of the tail gas,
- Substitution of the primary feedstock (oil) by bio-based feedstocks (pyrolysis oil or bio-SNG), and
- Substitution of the current secondary feedstock (natural gas) by bio-SNG (Substitute Natural Gas).