This report on decarbonisation options for the Dutch cement industry is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation.
Cement production in the Netherlands
The Dutch cement production takes place at the Eerste Nederlandse Cement Industrie (ENCI), the first and only cement industry, active in the Netherlands since 1926. Within the two active industrial sites in Rotterdam and IJmuiden, the company has a production capacity of around 2 million tonnes of cement per year. The production process of ENCI Netherlands consists of drying, dosing, and grinding. Most energy is used by drying, which involves the combustion of natural gas and direct CO2 emissions, and by grinding, which consumes electricity. The CO2-emission-intensive clinker production takes place outside The Netherlands.
The main decarbonisation options for the Dutch cement industry include: alternative feedstock, alternative fuel, electrification, and process design changes. Decarbonisation options for the clinker production are briefly discussed in the report as well.