This report on decarbonisation options for the Dutch refinery sector is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation.
The refinery sector in the Netherlands
This report describes the current situation of the Dutch refinery sector, which is composed of six industrial sites owned by different companies. The total nameplate capacity for the entire sector is over 67 million tonnes of crude oil processing.
Main products produced in the refineries include: naphtha, kerosene, fuel oil, gasoil, diesel, gasoline and Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG). In 2019, the total production was more than 55 million tonnes of these products.
Decarbonisation options for the refinery sector
The main decarbonisation options presented in this report are: carbon capture and storage (CCS), electrification, hydrogen as fuel for furnaces, co-processing of bio-based feedstocks and waste heat utilization. All the covered options present benefits and challenges related to its implementation, which are further discussed in the report.