This report on decarbonisation options for the Dutch ceramic industry is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation.
Ceramic products in the construction and industry sector
This study focuses on the production of ceramic products used in the construction or industry sectors, such as bricks, roofing tiles, wall- and floor tiles, and refractory products.
The manufacturing process uses electricity and heat, supplied by the electricity grid and natural gas grid respectively. CO2 emissions can be related to two types of emissions during the manufacturing process, namely fuel emissions and process emissions.
Decarbonisation options for the ceramic sector
Different decarbonisation options are identified for the Dutch ceramic sector, which can be distinguished according to the abatement categories of MIDDEN:
- Fuel substitution
- Use of residual energy
- Process design
- CO2 capture and storage (or utilisation)
- Product design