This report on decarbonisation options for the Dutch waste incineration industry is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation.
Waste management characteristics
This report describes the current situation for waste incineration in the Netherlands and the options and preconditions for its decarbonisation. Waste management in the Netherlands includes numerous activities. For instance collection, separation, recycling and various ways of waste disposal such as incineration and landfilling. This report focuses on incineration, particularly on options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from existing incineration processes. Therefore, the report does not cover the much broader objective of attaining a circular economy.
Decarbonisation options include CCS, CCU and gasification
Decarbonisation options covered in this report are carbon capture and utilisation (CCU), carbon capture and storage (CCS), municipal solid waste gasification, plastic pyrolysis, depolymerisation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and solvolysis of expanded polystyrene (EPS). Decarbonisation options for sludge incinerators and thermal soil remediators are qualitatively discussed.