Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network

The database version 0.3

This document describes the database of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network). The database contains information on current energy and material consumption of the manufacturing industry in the Netherlands and options for decarbonisation of its processes. Present version of the document accompanies the latest version of the MIDDEN database, published in November 2021.

Purpose of the database

By co-signing the Paris Agreement, the Netherlands, as part of the EU, has committed to far-reaching greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for 2050, in order to mitigate global warming and the associated climate risks. For energy consumption and energy-consuming processes that currently rely heavily on fossil fuels, the consequences are wide-ranging.
One of the areas where many changes are required - with large uncertainties about what these entail - is the manufacturing industry.

Scope of the database

The scope of the database is based on the entities that report their direct emissions to the Dutch Emissions Authority. Furthermore, we apply the following two selection criteria:

  1. Annual emissions over the 2013–2017 period must average more than 10 kt CO2 equivalents, and the entity is still active in 2021.
  2. The entities do not solely produce electricity. An exception to this criterium can be made if the entities are tightly linked to a major industrial site.

The MIDDEN project

The MIDDEN project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts, and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation. The project will continue to update and elaborate further on options in the future, in close collaboration with the industry. The database will also be updated accordingly. The first version of the database was published in November 2019.


PBL Authors
Dick van Dam
Other authors
Silvana Gamboa Palacios (TNO)
Wouter Wetzels (TNO)


Publication title
Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network
Publication subtitle
The database version 0.3
Publication date
26 November 2021
Publication type
Page count
Publication language
Product number