This report on decarbonisation options for large volume organic chemicals production, Shell Moerdijk is part of the MIDDEN project (Manufacturing Industry Decarbonisation Data Exchange Network) initiated by PBL and TNO. The project aims to support industry, policymakers, analysts and the energy sector in their common efforts to achieve deep decarbonisation. The report gives an overview of the production of large volume organic chemicals production and the options for decarbonisation at the Shell Moerdijk location in the Netherlands.
In 2018, the Dutch chemical industry consumed over 800 Petajoule of energy and feedstock and was responsible for over 19 million tonnes CO2equivalents greenhouse gas emissions. Shell Moerdijk is located within the Rotterdam/Moerdijk petrochemical cluster and is connected to other major chemical and refinery sites at Pernis and Antwerp.
Multi-plant complex with multi-product processes
Shell Moerdijk operates a naphtha cracker and several downstream processes, including the fractionation of olefins and benzene, and the production of ethylene oxide, ethylene glycols, ethylbenzene, styrene monomer and propylene oxide. Shell Moerdijk is a multi-plant complex which also contains multi-product processes. These products and processes are described in detail in the report.
Decarbonisation options include electrification, hydrogen and CCUS
The report presents potential options for reduction of energy use and/or CO2 emissions by 2050. Decarbonisation options for Shell Moerdijk include heat integrated distillation columns and heat pumps, heat recovery, process control, coalesce-filtration units, membranes (for gas separation), adsorption heat pumps, electrification, hydrogen as fuel, biomass to bio-ethylene process, methanol to olefin process, carbon capture and storage or utilisation.