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Outline of the circular economy

In many countries, governments are looking for ways to change their economy into one that is circular, or to improve the level of resource efficiency (e.g. see the EU programme ‘Closing the loop’ or the World Circular Economy Forum). To do so effectively, having an overview...

Circular Economy: what we want to know and can measure

With the government-wide programme ‘A circular economy in the Netherlands by 2050’, the Dutch Government has outlined its plans for the transition towards a circular economy. To be able to track whether that transition is on course, a monitoring system is needed. Our report...

Evaluation of green deals for a circular economy

PBL has evaluated the role of Green Deals in preparing the path towards a circular economy. The evaluation shows that although Green Deals make a valuable contribution to the process of green innovation, they may not automatically lead to environmental gains.

Monitoring progress of the circular economy in the EU

The European Commission’s draft monitoring framework for a circular economy, which is currently under review, may benefit from broadening it to include indicators that measure both the progress of the transition process and the effects in the whole product chain (footprints)....

European nature in the plural

The occurrence of many species in the EU is expected to further decline, making it difficult to reach the 2050 policy vision. This study elaborates four ‘perspectives’ on the future of nature in the EU, in search for new approaches. The study concludes with topics for debate...

Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

An important question is how to measure the progress of the transition towards a circular economy (CE transition). Together PBL and Utrecht University have developed a framework about the role of innovation in CE-transitions in product chains, and applied this framework to a...

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